Annotated Bibliography and Summary: Politics and Digital Writing

Bennett, W. “The Personalization of Politics: Political Identity, Social Media, and Changing Patterns of Participation.” Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science (2012): 20-39. Web. 25 Oct. 2015.

This article demonstrates how social media has contributed to the changes in politics. Bennett argues that the “new social movements” after the 1960’s still exist, however, in the recent period more individuals are “mobilized around personal lifestyle values to engage with multiple causes such as economic justice (fair trade, inequality, and development policies), environmental protection, and worker and human rights” (20).

Borgida, Eugene, and Emily Stark. “New Media and Politics : Some Insights From Social and Political Psychology.” American Behavioral Scientist (2004): 467. Web. 25 Oct. 2015.

This article demonstrates how the Internet has positively and negatively affected political life. From a social and psychological perspective, Borgida and Stark focus on the extent to which the Internet is providing “(a) an important and increasingly influential forum for acquiring politically relevant information and (b) a new context for researchers to study traditional social-psychological processes that may be associated with the way citizens enhance their political knowledge online and bolster their political attitudes and partisan affiliations” (467).

Evans, Heather K. “Tweeting to Power: The Social Media Revolution in American Politics (Book Review).” The Journal of Politics (2014): 15. Web. 25 Oct. 2015.

This article examines ways in which the general public and politicians are using social media websites. In order to determine the relationship between politics and social media an individual must “(1) examine how politicians are using social media, (2) explore whether the use of social media fits the traditional theories of citizen information processing, and (3) determine whether there are any implications of these answers for U.S. politics” (1).

Kahne, Joseph, and Ellen Middaugh. “Digital Media Shapes Youth Participation in Politics.” Phi Delta Kappan (2012): 1. Web. 25 Oct. 2015.

This article demonstrates that large numbers of youth are engaged in politics through participatory politics, which are “interactive, peer-based, and not guided by traditional institutions like political parties or newspaper editors” (1). Young people have become concerned about the current state of politics and use social media groups to voice their political opinions. Social media outlets, such as Facebook, have been effective in allowing those under the age of eighteen to voice their political opinions.

Loader, Brian D, and Dan Mercea. “NETWORKING DEMOCRACY?: Social Media Innovations and Participatory Politics.” Information, Communication & Society (2011): 757-69. Print.

Loader and Mercea demonstrate in their article that social media creates a new technological enthusiasm for democratic renewal. In order to monitor social media and more participatory democracy, one must keep in mind “acknowledging its disruptive value for challenging traditional interests and modes of communicative power” (757).

Metaxas, Panagiotis T, and Eni Mustafaraj. “Social Media and the Elections.” Science and Society (2012): 472-73. Web. 25 Oct. 2015.

This article argues that in two out of three people are currently using social media websites such as Facebook, Twitter or Youtube. For candidates and political parties, social media sites have been effective during elections by sparking public interest in political parties, raising funds and influencing our perception of candidates.

Miller, Patrick, Piotr Bobkowski, Daniel Maliniak, and Ronald Rapoport. “Talking Politics on Facebook.” Political Research Quarterly (2015): 377-91. Web. 25 Oct. 2015.

This article examines political discussions between university students on Facebook. “Popular individuals” discuss their political viewpoints on Facebook in conversations with like-minded people, however, these “popular individuals” edit their privacy settings in order to guard their political disclosures and protect their social popularity.

Nesselder, Andre. “Twitter and the Personalization of Politics.” Psychoanalysis, Culture and Society (2013): 19. Print.

Nusselder argues that social networking produces an online community for political participation. Social media outlets such as Twitter, connects and informs online participants of political debates and decision-making processes which differs from traditional political conventions.

Storsul, Tanja. “Deliberation or Self-presentation? Young People, Politics and Social Media.” Nordicom Review (2014): 17. Web. 25 Oct. 2015.

This article demonstrates how politically involved young people have become on social media. Storsul argues that some young people find discussing politics on social media to be liberating, while others are hesitant about discussing politics on social media for fear of standing out and being presented as highly political.

Swenson, Brynnar. “The Human Network: Social Media and the Limit of Politics.” Baltic Journal of Law and Politics (2011): 120-24. Web. 25 Oct. 2015.

Sweenson argues that internet-based social media sites have been used across the globe to organize political activism. For Google and Black Berry Messenger executives, social media has been effective in organizing protests, riots and looting in England. This article provides of analysis of how social media has been used in recent political events in Egypt and England and how these events have been represented by mainstream Western media.

Summary

From my research, it is evident that the majority of social media outlets have been favourable for politics. Social media websites, such as Facebook or Twitter, continue to enable political debate online amongst people of all age groups. Studies have shown that young people, over or under the age of eighteen, have become significantly intrigued by political discussion and political debate online. As a result, social forums and social media groups have enabled young people to express their political viewpoints amongst family, friends, coworkers and classmates and occasionally with strangers. Political parties aim to capture the devotion and support of youth as they hope to gain their vote in the future. In addition, political parties use social media to their advantage by campaigning online, hosting live chats with voters, distributing vital political information or by posting videos about political party leaders. Political candidate can gain political popularity in the polls by gaining social popularity online. People want political candidates to be personable. As a result, the more a candidate reveals about his or her personal life, the more of a chance he or she has at potentially winning an election. However, politics in social media does not only affect those living in the Western world. Political parties and leaders in many countries around the world use social media as a way to distribute information to their political supporters. Therefore, in order for one to understand modern politics, one must understand the strong connection between social media and politics and the role that social media plays in political culture.

Word Count: 258

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